InFlight 1/200th scale IF210FAF0619 France Air Force SUD SE-210 141 Caravelle III with stand. Available to pre-order at Flying Tigers.
The Sud Aviation SE 210 Caravelle is a French short/medium-range jet airliner. It holds the distinction of being the world’s first jet-powered airliner to be developed for the short/medium-range market.
Development of the Caravelle by the French aircraft manufacturer SNCASE, a company that was keen to produce a passenger aircraft that utilised newly developed jet propulsion technology, began in the early 1950s. In order to achieve this, SNCASE formed partnerships with British companies such as de Havilland (which provided designs and components that it had developed for its own jet-powered airliner, the de Havilland Comet) and Rolls-Royce Limited (the supplier of the Caravelle’s Rolls-Royce Avon turbojet engines). While much of the airliner’s development, including its maiden flight on 27 May 1955, was conducted by SNCASE. By the time that the Caravelle entered revenue service on 26 April 1959, the firm had been merged into the larger Sud Aviation conglomerate.
Within a few years of commencing passenger services, the Caravelle became one of the most successful European first-generation jetliners. The airliner achieved substantial sales to operators throughout Europe and even managed to penetrate the U.S. market, United Airlines placing an order for 20 Caravelles. The Caravelle established the aft-mounted engine, clean-wing design configuration that is still used widely by smaller jetliners.