Hobbymaster 1/72nd scale HA6103 Su-25 “Frogfoot” Red 59, 378. OShAP, VVS, USSR attached to air forces of the 40th Army, Bagram AB, Afghanistan 1986. Buy online at Flying Tigers.
In 1999 Russia decided to upgrade their aging Su-25 aircraft with actual work beginning in 2001. The first of the upgraded aircraft designated Su-25SM (Stroyevoy Modernizirovannyi) Grach (Rook) flew on March 3, 2002 with the first six modernized aircraft entering service with the Russian Air Force in December 2006. The idea behind the modernization was to expand the life of the Su-25, make it All-Weather capable, more lethal and reduce operating and maintenance cost. Increased ordnance loads and a wider selection were also added.
The 378th OShaP (Independent Attack Aviation Regiment) was formed in November 1984 made up by the 1st AE (Aviatsionnaya Eskadrilya – Aviation Squadron) stationed at Bagram and the 2nd AE at Kandahar. The regiment consisted of twenty two Su-25s, fourteen at Bagram and eight at Kandahar. The third rotation of personnel took place between October 1986 and October 1987. Between November 1986 and February 1987 four Su-25s were lost due to Stinger Missiles used by the Mujahedeen. Su-25 defenses were upgraded as well as new tactics were developed.